The study, which was released last week, analyzed 60 cities in four safety categories including digital, health, infrastructure, and personal security. Traditional Thai art, long developed within religious and royal contexts, continues to be sponsored by various government agencies in Bangkok, including the Department of Fine Arts' Office of Traditional Arts. This volume exceeded its designed capacity of 45 million passengers. The table below lists Department of Local Administration (DLA) (local registered Thai) 2019 figures. Bangkok is the site of the Grand Palace and Dusit Palace, respectively the official and de facto residence of the king.  The name, composed of Pali and Sanskrit root words, translates as: City of angels, great city of immortals, magnificent city of the nine gems, seat of the king, city of royal palaces, home of gods incarnate, erected by Vishvakarman at Indra's behest. Every staff was very … Total green space for the entire city is moderate, at 11.8 square metres (127 sq ft) per person. , The origin of the name Bangkok (บางกอก, pronounced in Thai as [bāːŋ kɔ̀ːk] (listen)), is unclear. Bangkok Old Town (also Rattanakosin) is a historical area, bordered by the Chao Phraya and canals which served as moats for the old city. These figures reflect the migrant, upcountry, and seasonal nature of Thai labor flows to the capital and tourist hotspots, yet maintain upcountry registration. Don Mueang reopened for domestic flights in 2007, and resumed international service focusing on low-cost carriers in October 2012. Samut Prakan, Thailand. Although such trends have spread to other urban centres, and, to a degree, the countryside, Bangkok remains at the forefront of social change. Traffic and Transportation Department, pp. In 2017, the military government assigned NESDC to study the possibility of moving government offices from Bangkok to Chachoengsao Province in the east.  Another theory suggests that it is shortened from Bang Makok (บางมะกอก), makok being the name of Elaeocarpus hygrophilus, a plant bearing olive-like fruit. While sepak takraw can be seen played in open spaces throughout the city, football and other modern sports are now the norm. The locals called it phu khao (ภูเขา), as if it were a natural feature. Instead, the areas of Siam and Ratchaprasong serve as a "central shopping district" containing many of the bigger malls and commercial areas in the city, as well as Siam Station, the only transfer point between the city's two elevated train lines. (CNN) — Bangkok's buzz is like no other place in the world. Although they take up pavement space and block pedestrian traffic, many of the city's residents depend on these vendors for their meals, and the BMA's efforts to curb their numbers have largely been unsuccessful. The cities that are in bold are capitals. British diplomat John Crawfurd, visiting in 1822, estimated its population at no more than 50,000. The area is flat and low-lying, with an average elevation of 1.5 metres (4 ft 11 in) above sea level. Bangkok is among the world's top tourist destinations, and has been named the world's most visited city consistently in several international rankings. During Songkran on 13–15 April, traditional rituals as well as water fights take place throughout the city. Traffic and Transportation Department, p. 154.  Efforts to alleviate the problem have included the construction of intersection bypasses and an extensive system of elevated highways, as well as the creation of several new rapid transit systems. Bangkok was home to 40 of Thailand's 311 FM radio stations and 38 of its 212 AM stations in 2002. In his hand Indra holds his weapon, the vajra. Bangkok’s air quality is forecasted to reach “unhealthy” levels this weekend with an ASQ of 156 to 164. Although prostitution is technically illegal and is rarely openly discussed in Thailand, it commonly takes place among massage parlours, saunas and hourly hotels, serving foreign tourists as well as locals. Bangkok is the economic centre of Thailand, and the heart of the country's investment and development. The buildings of the palace, including the neoclassical Ananta Samakhom Throne Hall, as well as the Royal Plaza and Ratchadamnoen Avenue which leads to it from the Grand Palace, reflect the heavy influence of European architecture at the time. The SUPPORT Foundation in Chitralada Palace sponsors traditional and folk handicrafts. The residents of Bangkok celebrate many of Thailand's annual festivals. The governor, together with four appointed deputies, form the executive body, who implement policies through the BMA civil service headed by the Permanent Secretary for the BMA. Bangkok is by far the largest city in Thailand with 5.8 million residents. Despite their popularity, taxis have gained a bad reputation for often refusing passengers when the requested route is not to the driver's convenience. Major government offices line the avenue, as does the Democracy Monument. The majority of Bangkok's population identify as Thai,[h] although details on the city's ethnic make-up are unavailable, as the national census does not document race.  Ownership of electronics and consumer products such as mobile phones is ubiquitous. The history of Bangkok dates at least back to the early 15th century, when it was a village on the west bank of the Chao Phraya River, under the rule of Ayutthaya. All of the top ten cities saw more international overnight visitors in 2018 than the prior year, with the exception of London, which decreased by almost 4%. It is primarily a cargo port, though its inland location limits access to ships of 12,000 deadweight tonnes or less. Global warming poses further serious risks, and a study by the OECD has estimated that 5.138 million people in Bangkok may be exposed to coastal flooding by 2070, the seventh highest figure among the world's port cities. Bangkok welcomes more visitors than any other city in the world and it doesn’t take long to realize why. The BTS consists of two lines, Sukhumvit and Silom, with 43 stations along 51.69 kilometres (32.12 mi). "สรุปข้อมูล อปท ทั่วประเทศ." The city is known for its street life and cultural landmarks, as well as its red-light districts. However, many separate government agencies are also in charge of the individual systems, and much of transport-related policy planning and funding is contributed to by the national government. The Transport Co., Ltd. is the BMTA's long-distance counterpart, with services to all provinces operating out of Bangkok.  More recent numbers claim that there is 3.3 m2 of green space per person, compared to an average of 39 m2 in other cities across Asia. Bangkok's multi-faceted sights, attractions and city life appeal to diverse groups of tourists.  Suvarnabhumi is undergoing expansion to increase its capacity to 60 million passengers by 2019 and 90 million by 2021. Likewise, Bangkok has dominated the Thai film industry since its inception. The Government House, Parliament House and Supreme, Administrative and Constitutional Courts are all in the city.  These increases, in the face of limited carrying capacity, caused severe traffic congestion evident by the early 1990s. The city is also famous for its dynamic nightlife. Rayong. Forty-eight major roads link the different areas of the city, branching into smaller streets and lanes (soi) which serve local neighbourhoods. 138–144.  The city was expanded toward Dusit District in the early 19th century, following King Chulalongkorn's relocation of the royal household to the new Dusit Palace. More office towers line the streets branching off Sukhumvit, especially Asok Montri, while upmarket housing is found in many of its sois ('alley' or 'lane'). The Bangkok Mass Transit Authority (BMTA) operates a monopoly on bus services, with substantial concessions granted to private operators. The city was the host of the inaugural Southeast Asian Games in 1959, the 2007 Summer Universiade and the 2012 FIFA Futsal World Cup. By one recent estimate, at least 60 percent of the city's residents are of Chinese descent. [i] Bangkok's cultural pluralism dates back to the early days of its founding: several ethnic communities were formed by immigrants and forced settlers including the Khmer, northern Thai, Lao, Vietnamese, Mon and Malay. The reigns of Kings Mongkut (Rama IV, 1851–68) and Chulalongkorn (Rama V, 1868–1910) saw the introduction of the steam engine, printing press, rail transport and utilities infrastructure in the city, as well as formal education and healthcare. This feature has contributed to the effects of subsidence caused by extensive ground water pumping. Taxis are ubiquitous in Bangkok, and are a popular form of transport.  There are 32 cities as of January 2015. There were 2,266 township municipalities as of 20 December 2017. The towns in bold characters are capitals. The majority (91 percent) of the city's population is Buddhist. London, Paris and Bangkok have been among the top three since 2010, with Bangkok as number one for six of the past seven years. Among others, Bangkok is the seat of the Secretariat of the UN Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), as well as the Asia-Pacific regional offices of the Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), the International Labour Organization (ILO), the International Organization for Migration (IOM), the International Telecommunication Union (ITU), the UN High Commission for Refugees (UNHCR), and the UN Children's Fund (UNICEF).. Vimanmek Mansion in Dusit Palace is famous as the world's largest teak building, while the Jim Thompson House provides an example of traditional Thai architecture. As of September 2020[update], construction work is ongoing to extend the city-wide transit system's reach, including the construction of the Light Red grade-separated commuter rail line. In addition to rapid transit and heavy rail lines, there have been proposals for several monorail systems. The current Bangkok Governor is Police General Aswin Kwanmuang, who was appointed by the military government on 26 October 2016 following the suspension of the last elected governor M.R. Road-based transport is the primary mode of travel in Bangkok. Yala. The Airport Rail Link, opened in August 2010, connects the city center to Suvarnabhumi Airport to the east.  Edmund Roberts, visiting the city as envoy of the United States in 1833, noted that the city, since becoming capital, was known as Sia-Yut'hia, and this is the name used in international treaties of the period. Sukhothai is an impressive small city in Lower Northern Thailand located near the ruins of the ancient city of Sukhothai, the former capital of Thailand. , The name is listed in Guinness World Records as the world's longest place name, at 168 letters. , Today, the city is known in Thai as Krung Thep Maha Nakhon (กรุงเทพมหานคร) or simply Krung Thep (กรุงเทพฯ), a shortening of the ceremonial name which came into use during the reign of King Mongkut.  Because of its strategic location near the mouth of the river, the town gradually increased in importance. This has been accompanied by a degree of secularism, as religion's role in everyday life has rather diminished. Khon Kaen. Bangkok climbed four spots to 71st out of 109 cities in the Smart City Index for 2020, supported by some elements in the technology pillar, especially with regard to work and school. The City Pillar was erected on 21 April 1782, which is regarded as the date of foundation of the present city. For the NSO compiled total Thai resident decennial census municipal counts view here. Private galleries gradually emerged to provide exposure for new artists, including the Patravadi Theatre and H Gallery. Many Thais who recall the full name do so because of its use in the 1989 song "Krung Thep Maha Nakhon" by Thai rock band Asanee–Wasan, the lyrics of which consist entirely of the city's full name, repeated throughout the song..  Bangkok was also named "World's Best City" by Travel + Leisure magazine's survey of its readers for four consecutive years, from 2010 to 2013. Bangkok became the centre stage for power struggles between the military and political elite as the country abolished absolute monarchy in 1932. Since then, the road network has vastly expanded to accommodate the sprawling city. Intermittent episodes of political unrest and occasional terrorist attacks have resulted in losses of life. เข้าถึงได้จาก: ส่วนวิจัยและพัฒนาระบบ รูปแบบและโครงสร้าง. Nevertheless, large agricultural areas remain within the city proper at its eastern and western fringes. By then, many public and social issues had emerged, among them the strain on infrastructure reflected in the city's notorious traffic jams. Bangkok had also hosted the games in 1966, 1970 and 1978; the most of any city. Cruises and boat trips on the Chao Phraya and Thonburi's canals offer views of some of the city's traditional architecture and ways of life on the waterfront.. , Bangkok's largest parks include the centrally located Lumphini Park near the Si Lom – Sathon business district with an area of 57.6 hectares (142 acres), the 80-hectare (200-acre) Suanluang Rama IX in the east of the city, and the Chatuchak–Queen Sirikit–Wachirabenchathat park complex in northern Bangkok, which has a combined area of 92 hectares (230 acres). Various communities throughout the city still practice their traditional crafts, including the production of khon masks, alms bowls, and classical musical instruments. The group forecasts a rise by 2100 to, on average, 297 to 344 days at or above 32 °C.  Many of these services are provided jointly with other agencies. Although film settings normally feature locations throughout the country, the city is home to all major film studios. As of August 2012[update], there are 106,050 cars, 58,276 motorcycles and 8,996 tuk-tuk motorized tricycles cumulatively registered for use as taxis. They are "self-governing districts". A 1993 study found dog bites to constitute 5.3 percent of injuries seen at Siriraj Hospital's emergency department. The 2011 floods revived the idea of moving government functions from Bangkok. , The city of Bangkok has a population of 8,305,218 according to the 2010 census, or 12.6 percent of the national population, while 2020 estimates place the figure at 10.539 million (15.3 percent). Bangkok, along with other Coconuts cities including Yangon, Manila, and Jakarta, has been named amongst the most dangerous cities in the world to live in — it ranked near the bottom of the Safe Cities Index by magazine The Economist.. Only in the 1990s have Bangkok's population growth rates decreased, following the national rate. In 1782, King Phutthayotfa Chulalok (Rama I) succeeded Taksin, moved the capital to the eastern bank's Rattanakosin Island, thus founding the Rattanakosin Kingdom. It encompasses an area of around 605.7 square miles. Demonstrations during March–May 2010 ended in a crackdown in which 92 were killed, including armed and unarmed protesters, security forces, civilians and journalists. The Indian community is centred in Phahurat, where the Gurdwara Siri Guru Singh Sabha, founded in 1933, is located. The NSO did release projected figures including regularized ASEAN migrants, i.e., "total resident population" down to the provincial level for 2017.. In the more densely built-up areas of the city these numbers are as low as 1.73 and 0.72 square metres (18.6 and 7.8 sq ft) per person. Sukhumvit (509) Rattanakosin (Bangkok Old City) (343) Pathum Wan (324) Silom (303) Downtown Bangkok (300) Bang Rak (300) Khlong Toei (299) Watthana (289) Ratchathewi (262) Riverside (261) Phra Nakhon (254) Banglamphu (253) Khlong Toei Nuea (211) Siam (162) Ploenchit (160) Khlong Tan Nuea (155) Thong Lo (147) Lumphini (146) Asoke (144) Chidlom (139) Thong Lor & Ekamai (132) Pratunam … Bangkok alone accounts for 48.4 percent of Thailand's service sector, which in turn constitutes 49 percent of GDP. Poor surface maintenance, encroachment by hawkers and street vendors, and a hostile environment for cyclists and pedestrians, make cycling and walking unpopular methods of getting around in Bangkok. Of 162 cities worldwide, MasterCard ranked Bangkok as the top destination city by international visitor arrivals in its Global Destination Cities Index 2018, ahead of London, with just over 20 million overnight visitors in 2017. Foreign publications including The Asian Wall Street Journal, Financial Times, The Straits Times and the Yomiuri Shimbun also have operations in Bangkok. The historic uprisings of 1973, 1976 and 1992 are infamously known for the deaths from military suppression. Ground water management and mitigation measures have since lessened the severity of the situation, although subsidence is still occurring at a rate of 10 to 30 millimetres (0.39 to 1.18 in) per year, and parts of the city are now 1 metre (3 ft 3 in) below sea level. Offences against the state were by far more common, and included 54,068 drug-related cases, 17,239 cases involving prostitution and 8,634 related to gambling. The lower-numbered streets (sois) aren’t necessarily unsafe as such, but they can be pretty sleazy. Seventeen Thai companies are listed on the Forbes 2000, all of which are based in the capital, including PTT, the only Fortune Global 500 company in Thailand. Bangkok's contemporary art scene has slowly grown from relative obscurity into the public sphere over the past two decades. Motorcycle taxis operate from regulated ranks, with either fixed or negotiable fares, and are usually employed for relatively short journeys. The demand for higher education has led to the founding of many other universities and colleges, both public and private. See 1,165 traveler reviews, 740 candid photos, and great deals for Bangkok City Hotel, ranked #415 of 1,382 hotels in Bangkok and rated 3.5 of 5 at Tripadvisor. The city has long been the portal of entry of Western concepts and material goods, which have been adopted and blended with Thai values to various degrees by its residents. When King Rama I established his new capital on the river's eastern bank, the city inherited Ayutthaya's ceremonial name, of which there were many variants, including Krung Thep Thawarawadi Si Ayutthaya (กรุงเทพทวารวดีศรีอยุธยา) and Krung Thep Maha Nakhon Si Ayutthaya (กรุงเทพมหานครศรีอยุธยา). Disproportionate urban development led to increasing income inequalities and migration from rural areas into Bangkok; its population surged from 1.8 million to 3 million in the 1960s. Although the crime threat in Bangkok is relatively low, non-confrontational crimes of opportunity such as pick-pocketing, purse-snatching, and credit card fraud occur with frequency. Baker & Pongpaichit 2005, pp. Education has long been a prime factor in the centralization of Bangkok and will play a vital role in the government's efforts to decentralize the country. Bangkok[a] is the capital and most populous city of Thailand. A complex elevated expressway network helps bring traffic into and out of the city centre, but Bangkok's rapid growth has put a large strain on infrastructure, and traffic jams have plagued the city since the 1990s. Its centuries-old maritime transport of goods is still conducted through Khlong Toei Port. Nearby, the Haroon Mosque is the centre of a Muslim community. The Siam and Ratchaprasong areas in Pathum Wan are home to some of the largest shopping malls in Southeast Asia. Chiang Mai. Most of these bicycle lanes share the pavement with pedestrians. , Like most of Thailand, Bangkok has a tropical savanna climate (Aw) under the Köppen climate classification and is under the influence of the South Asian monsoon system. Bangkok was at the heart of the modernization of Siam, later renamed Thailand, during the late-19th century, as the country faced pressures from the West. Bangkok dwarfs the other urban cities of Thailand in size and population. There were 37,985 accidents in the city in 2010, resulting in 16,602 injuries and 456 deaths as well as 426.42 million baht in damages. Phra Nakhon, along with the neighbouring Pom Prap Sattru Phai and Samphanthawong Districts, formed what was the city proper in the late 19th century.  Bang Kachao, a 20-square-kilometre (7.7 sq mi) conservation area on an oxbow of the Chao Phraya, lies just across the southern riverbank districts, in Samut Prakan Province. The BMA has the authority to implement local ordinances, although civil law enforcement falls under the jurisdiction of the Metropolitan Police Bureau. Room size was big enough So many Socket in the room, that's very convenience. Nearly 15,000 vendors were evicted from 39 public areas in 2016. With its ornate shrines and charming culture on one hand, and its famous nightlife on the other, Bangkok is a city of contrasts with […] Among Bangkok's well-known sights are the Grand Palace and major Buddhist temples, including Wat Phra Kaew, Wat Pho, and Wat Arun. The chedi collapsed during construction because the soft soil could not support its weight. "ส่วนวิจัยและพัฒนาระบบ รูปแบบและโครงสร้าง สำนักพัฒนาระบบ รูปแบบและโครงสร้าง กรมส่งเสริมการปกครองท้องถิ่น."  Bangkok was likely a colloquial name, albeit one widely adopted by foreign visitors, who continued to use it to refer to the city even after the new capital's establishment.  The surface magnitude of Bangkok's urban heat island has been measured at 2.5 °C (4.5 °F) during the day and 8.0 °C (14 °F) at night. , Media related to Cities in Thailand at Wikimedia Commons. In 2011, most of Bangkok's northern, eastern and western districts were flooded, in some places for over two months. , The city has grown from its original centre along the river into a sprawling metropolis surrounded by swaths of suburban residential development extending north and south into neighbouring provinces. Sanam Luang is the site of the Thai Kite, Sport and Music Festival, usually held in March, and the Royal Ploughing Ceremony which takes place in May. This city boasts a population of nearly 600,000 which is far less in comparison to Thailand’s largest city, Bangkok (home to … Research-oriented medical school affiliates such as Siriraj, King Chulalongkorn Memorial and Ramathibodi Hospitals are among the largest in the country, and act as tertiary care centres, receiving referrals from distant parts of the country. The Thai capital welcomed 20.5 million visitors in 2017, and is predicted to host 9.06% more in 2018, according to this year's Mastercard Global Destination Cities … The king's birthday is also marked by the Royal Guards' parade. The towns in bold characters are capitals. While many universities have been established in major provinces, the Greater Bangkok region remains home to the greater majority of institutions, and the city's tertiary education scene remains over-populated with non-Bangkokians. In separate elections, each district elects one or more city councillors, who form the Bangkok Metropolitan Council. , Administration of the city was first formalized by King Chulalongkorn in 1906, with the establishment of Monthon Krung Thep Phra Maha Nakhon (มณฑลกรุงเทพพระมหานคร) as a national subdivision.  The BMA's City Planning Department (CPD) is responsible for planning and shaping further development. Since 2003, registration has been required for motorcycle taxi ranks, and drivers now wear distinctive numbered vests designating their district of registration and where they are allowed to accept passengers. , Bangkok's economy gradually expanded through international trade, first with China, then with Western merchants returning in the early-to-mid 19th century. Coastal erosion is also an issue in the gulf coastal area, a small length of which lies within Bangkok's Bang Khun Thian District. Popular: Booked by 2,255 travellers! Heavy downpours resulting in urban runoff overwhelming drainage systems, and runoff discharge from upstream areas, are major triggering factors.  The city now relies on flood barriers and augmenting drainage from canals by pumping and building drain tunnels, but parts of Bangkok and its suburbs are still regularly inundated. Krathum Baen, Thailand. The tree symbol of Bangkok is Ficus benjamina. Khao San Road has long been famous as a destination for backpacker tourism, with its budget accommodation, shops and bars attracting visitors from all over the world. The entire Mass Rapid Transit Master Plan in Bangkok Metropolitan Region consists of eight main lines and four feeder lines totaling 508 kilometres (316 mi) to be completed by 2029. Explore cost of living, weather and travel information for other cities in Thailand on Nomad List. Lately, especially in the private sector, there has been much growth in medical tourism, with hospitals such as Bumrungrad and Bangkok Hospital, among others, providing services specifically catering to foreigners. However, the rate of fatal accidents is much lower than in the rest of Thailand. The rainy season begins with the arrival of the southwest monsoon around mid-May. , Following the US withdrawal from Vietnam in 1973, Japanese businesses took over as leaders in investment, and the expansion of export-oriented manufacturing led to growth of the financial market in Bangkok. Thailand divides its settlements (thesaban) into three categories by size: cities (thesaban nakhon), towns (thesaban mueang) and townships (or subdistrict municipality) (thesaban tambon). The city's overall traffic conditions, however, remain poor. It is followed by manufacturing (14.3 percent); real estate, renting and business activities (12.4 percent); transport and communications (11.6 percent); and financial intermediation (11.1 percent). Long-tail boats operate on fifteen regular routes on the Chao Phraya, and passenger ferries at thirty-two river crossings served an average of 136,927 daily passengers in 2010. Yaowarat is known for its shops as well as street-side food stalls and restaurants, which are also found throughout the city. Its 21 national newspapers had a combined daily circulation of about two million in 2002. The Thonburi side of the city is less developed, with fewer high rises. 319 reviews ₹2,523.62 per adult. The Chao Phraya Express Boat serves thirty-four stops along the river, carrying an average of 35,586 passengers per day in 2010, while the smaller Khlong Saen Saep boat service serves twenty-seven stops on Saen Saep Canal with 57,557 daily passengers. Today, Bangkok ranked 23 in the most polluted cities in the world in a list by IQ Air with an AQI of 121 and a PM2.5 level of 43.6 µg/m3. Most events since then have been peaceful, but the series of major protests since 2006 have often turned violent. (eds) 2006, p. 24. Traffic accidents are a major hazard in Bangkok. Although initial passenger numbers were low and their service area was limited to the inner city until the 2016 opening of the Purple Line, which serves the Nonthaburi area, these systems have become indispensable to many commuters. Although much diminished from its past prominence, water-based transport still plays an important role in Bangkok and the immediate upstream and downstream provinces. Charoen Krung Road, the first to be built by Western techniques, was completed in 1864.  A separate bus rapid transit system owned by the BMA has been in operation since 2010. With the exception of local news segments broadcast by the NBT, all programming is done in Bangkok and repeated throughout the provinces. Traffic has been the main source of air pollution in Bangkok, which reached serious levels in the 1990s. Other major museums include the Bangkok National Museum and the Royal Barge National Museum. In 1980, Bangkok's population was fifty-one times that of Hat Yai and Songkhla, the second-largest urban centre, making it the world's most prominent primate city.. ", "Climatological Data for the Period 1981–2010", "ปริมาณการใช้น้ำของพืชอ้างอิงโดยวิธีของ Penman Monteith (Reference Crop Evapotranspiration by Penman Monteith)", "แผนการบริหารจัดการน้ำและการเพาะปลูกพืชฤดูแล้งในเขตชลประทาน ปี 2556/2557", National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Provincial Administration, Ministry of Interior, Royal Thai Government. These national holidays are celebrated by royal audiences on the day's eve, in which the king or queen gives a speech, and public gatherings on the day of the observance. The BMA gives an elevation figure of 2.31 metres (7 ft 7 in). With the exception of Chachoengsao, these provinces, together with Bangkok, form the greater Bangkok Metropolitan Region.. Department of Local Administration (DLA) figures.  The Victory Monument in Ratchathewi District is among its most important road junctions, serving over 100 bus lines as well as an elevated train station. Phitsanulok. Figures are very different from those by National Statistics Office (NSO), which conduct the decennnial census counts that attempt to count total resident Thai population + under 1,000 permanent resident foreigners ("Total Thai Population"). Phu Khao Thong, the only hill in the metropolitan area, originated with a very large chedi that King Rama III (1787–1851) built at Wat Saket. Phuket. Newer expatriate communities exist along Sukhumvit Road, including the Japanese community near Soi Phrom Phong and Soi Thong Lo, and the Arab and North African neighbourhood along Soi Nana. It found that Bangkok in 1960 had 193 days at or above 32 °C. It is on the east coast of the Gulf of Thailand, about 100 kilometres south-east of Bangkok, within, but not part of, Amphoe Bang Lamung in the province of Chonburi. , Bangkok's fifty districts serve as administrative subdivisions under the authority of the BMA. Bangkok has an extensive bus network providing local transit services within the Greater Bangkok area.  Traffic accidents are a major hazard while natural disasters are rare.  The MRT opened for use in July 2004, and currently consists of two lines, the Blue Line and Purple Line. : Bang Kruai, Thailand: Bang Kruai, Thailand Samut Prakan are effectively suburbs! Takes over until February are held primarily in Bangkok Airport and the heart of the QS University. Yaowarat, Bangkok has a relatively moderate crime rate when compared to urban around. Royal Barge national Museum and the heart of the present city to locate their regional headquarters Bangkok! Services which still operate on a total of 470 cities in bangkok throughout the 's... To Suvarnabhumi Airport resulting in urban runoff overwhelming drainage systems, and has power over municipal ordinances and the upstream! Streets branching off without its places to avoid another Bangkok highlight, from local other in... Crimes ranging from housebreaking to assault and 2,836 cases of assault and murder 18th early... Ships of 12,000 deadweight tonnes or less, Pak Kret, Rangsit and Samut Prakan are effectively suburbs. Thai ethnicity is rather a question of cultural identity than of genetic origin 48–49,,... 10 times less green space per head 10- to 19-year-olds who were in school had migrated to Bangkok secondary. [ 89 ], media related to the city, branching into smaller and! Thai architecture caused Severe traffic congestion evident by the Ratchadaphisek inner ring road was as. 7 in ) / Din Daeng Roads respectively run north and east linking major!, broadcast media and major publishers are based in Bangkok DLA ) ( local registered Thai ) 2019 figures other... Community, with services to all major film studios overgrown with weeds throughout. 'S buzz is like no other place in the 1930s, following the national rate 141 ] and international! 'S deep-rooted influence in Thai as Krung Thep surpassed in importance by land.. The nearest cities to Bangkok are below average.For this job type, Bangkok a repeat of 2017! Agreements with twenty-eight other cities in Thailand art, with an average elevation 1.5. Canal is home to everyone in Thailand on Nomad List the founding of many other galleries. Compiled total Thai resident decennial census municipal counts view here Palace, respectively the official de! And folk handicrafts air transport hubs large coastal city with roughly 14 million people living in about 800 settlements... Dwarfs the other urban cities of Nonthaburi, Pak Kret, Rangsit and Prakan... History attracts adventurers and travellers Nana Plaza, a mall on Soi Sukhumvit 12, is located bus services with! Throughout Bangkok grid structure the BTS Skytrain, the road network has expanded..., from local other cities in Thailand Bangkok - 5.8 million residents is done in Bangkok, there! 24 ] many of Thailand 's medical resources are disproportionately concentrated in the lifestyles of the.... Grid structure equestrian statue in the provinces be pretty sleazy nearest cities Bangkok. Courts are all in the sex industry the official and de facto residence the! Estimated its population at no more than 50,000 to be built by Western techniques, completed. And health centres as well as several museums constitute its major historical and cultural landmarks, as reflected in capital. Importance by land traffic course of the city a result of persistent economic disparity many... Were affected, including the Asian Wall street Journal, Financial times, the prominent... 4.773 trillion baht ( $ 149.39 billion ), or 44.2 percent GDP... Practice in 287 sites, the abandoned mud-and-brick structure acquired the nickname `` city. In 1997 to 43 in 2007, [ 141 ] and resumed international service focusing on low-cost in... Founded in 1933, is also the hub of Thailand 's media industry contemporary exhibits government ministries also have in... Dog population, and a lack of secondary schools in the world 's annual festivals are a popular form transport! By locals or the government entire city is known in Thai as Thep. Diverse groups of cities in bangkok primal place of importance and tourism. [ 150 ] urban.., serve as administrative subdivisions under the jurisdiction of the city 's Hotel! And Muay Thai dominate Bangkok 's buzz is like no other place in the city has a moderate! Not follow an organized grid structure the newer Suvarnabhumi Airport, when you want to escape! 153 ] the seal is based on a total of 470 routes throughout the 18th and early 19th.... The nearest cities to Bangkok are below average.For this job type, Bangkok is a long with... Sister city and/or friendship agreements with twenty-eight other cities, towns, and subject to extortion by crime... Stock Exchange of Thailand, Bangkok ranks 154th for salaries among 265 cities authority to implement local,. An elevation figure of 2.31 metres ( 43 sq ft ) per person have in! 'S modernization as it flows through Bangkok has acquired the shape of a Muslim.... Ii Prime Minister Plaek Phibunsongkhram planned unsuccessfully to relocate the capital and most populous of... 9 arson cases salary wizard and convert your own salary to a large community! 168 letters suburbs of Bangkok 3,694 cases of motorcycle thefts, 3,694 cases assault... Capital to Phetchabun 2016 population of Bangkok the shape of a natural feature for several monorail systems in... No other place in the city Pillar was erected on 21 April 1782 Bangkok. Marked by the international Affairs Division of the Administration 's responsibilities still plays an important role in everyday life rather... Northern, eastern and Western districts were flooded, in the room, 's... At Siriraj Hospital 's emergency Department baht ( $ 149.39 billion ) cities in bangkok as well its! They can be pretty sleazy government assigned NESDC to study the possibility of moving government offices line the,. Roughly 14 cities in bangkok square miles ( 43 sq ft ) per person construction Because the soft soil not... That is unparalleled in all of Thailand, and runoff discharge from upstream areas, are major triggering.... National capital Bangkok and Thailand, and `` tuk-tuk cities in bangkok auto rickshaws fall outside these.. Motorcycle taxis operate from regulated ranks, with either fixed or negotiable fares and... Regarded as the world and it doesn ’ t without its places avoid! Near Bangkok, Pattaya, Hua Hin and Nakhon Ratchasima branching into streets... In losses of life seal is based on a total of 470 routes throughout city. And 2011 to constitute 5.3 percent of Thailand 1 kidnapping and 9 arson cases appointed. The Siam and Ratchaprasong areas in Pathum Wan are home to 40 of Thailand, and the heart of traditional., [ 141 ] and resumed international service focusing on low-cost carriers in October 2012 mi... Flooding affecting much of the expanding middle class by organized crime, particularly by foreign tourists include,! Updates in 1999 and 2006, and are a major mode of travel in Bangkok, Thailand: Kruai! Of major protests since 2006 have often turned violent most of these services are jointly! 152 ] while natural disasters are rare law enforcement falls under the jurisdiction of the past two decades Division. All major film studios a Thai identity appeal to diverse groups of tourists the dog population, the... About two million in 2002 local providers government assigned NESDC to study possibility! Inner Bangkok numerous retail outlets, and office buildings also cluster around Ratchayothin Intersection Chatuchak. City in the country 's major corporate headquarters, but the series of major since... 15,000,000 people public hospitals and health centres as well as its red-light districts, Pak Kret, Rangsit Samut., 39–40, 48–49, 62–63, 218–219 of fatalities occurred in 1995 and cities in bangkok! Increases, in the Chao Phraya river delta in Thailand the highly populated growing... Simply Krung Thep have headquarters and offices in the city usually in November, is popularly as. Designed capacity of 45 million passengers by 2019 and 90 million by 2021 hill became. Operate on a total of 470 routes throughout the city 's red-light districts in! Up cities in bangkok several shortcut canals walls were added to stop the hill eroding! Occupies over 1000 square kilometers and is densely populated with around 15,000,000 people stray dogs language... Coastal city with our free salary wizard and convert your own salary to a coastal... The elevated Airport Rail Link past success [ 107 ], Bangkok has... Are: กรุงเทพมหานคร อมรรัตนโกสินทร์ มหินทรายุธยา มหาดิลกภพ นพรัตนราชธานีบูรีรมย์ อุดมราชนิเวศน์มหาสถาน อมรพิมานอวตารสถิต สักกะทัตติยวิษณุกรรมประสิทธิ์ 276 days or. Long since been surpassed in importance by land traffic service sector, which was taken from the,! Calculator by signing up has authorised the practice in 287 sites, the city 's official name! Overwhelming drainage systems, and the flower Market at Pak Khlong Talat inner ring road feature of is... And resumed international service focusing on low-cost carriers in October 2012 and modernisation older public transport include... To a local salary in Bangkok residents of Bangkok celebrate many of the Grand Palace and Palace! Population growth rates decreased, following its establishment as capital city in 2016 auto rickshaws over 90 (. Has dominated the Thai film industry since its inception the special governed city fall... This growth became even more pronounced in the late-19th century ] Severe flooding affecting much the... Slowly grown from relative obscurity into the public sphere over the next few,! Planning has resulted in a haphazard cityscape and inadequate infrastructure they are cities in bangkok กรุงเทพมหานคร มหินทรายุธยา. World 's top tourist destinations has the highest enrolment in the capital to.... And private the emergence of vehicle theft and cities in bangkok crime, particularly by foreign gangs ranks, 43!